The town had been built on a low narrow spit blocking the mouths of two rivers. Land mammals such as the Kamchatka Brown Bear, Snow Sheep and the Marmot can also be found in this region. The Sea of Okhotsk is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, lying between the Kamchatka Peninsula on the east, the Kuril Islands on the southeast, the Japanese island of Hokkaidō to the south, the island of Sakhalin along the west, and a long stretch of eastern Siberian coast (including the Shantar Islands) along the west and north. The sea has a high bio-productivity and is rich in fish. Harder to find, but not uncommon on this expedition, are the magnificent Kamchatka brown bears and other impressive land mammals such as snow sheep. The ice retreats in June, except in the Sakhalin gulfs and the region around Shantar Island, where ice floes are not uncommon in July and sometimes even until August. The main population centre of the region is Magadan with approximately 100,000 people. In addition to a difficult track inland, the harbour was poor and the short growing season and lack of arable land meant that food had to be imported. In 1845 the head of the Russian-America Company depot at Okhotsk, Vasily Zavoyko, oversaw the relocation of the company post south to Ayan. Similar conditions prevail in the East China Sea and the Andaman Sea. Between 1850 and 1853 the majority of the fleet focused their efforts on Bowheads in the Bering Strait region and as that resource diminished the whalers began to shift their attention back to the Right Whales in the Sea of Okhotsk. Jean-François de La Pérouse and William Robert Broughton were the first non-Russian European navigators known to have passed through these waters after Maarten Gerritsz Vries. In winter, navigation on the Sea of Okhotsk becomes difficult and even impossible in some places, due to the formation of large ice floes. Okhotsk, Sea of (ōkŏtsk`), Rus. The seabed generally slopes from north to south, with a continental shelf along the northern and western margins to a depth of 200m (650 feet). The two images above, acquired by the Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8, show thin sea ice in the Sea of Okhotsk on March 12, 2020. At this time the algae and seaweed flourish, resulting in a population explosion for crayfish, sea mussels, crabs, sea urchins, polyps and various types of fish. Ice-choked water during the spring breakup frequently flooded the town (20 times from 1723 to 1813), as did high surf on a number of occasions. Sea of Okhotsk, and the East China Sea. Heritage Expeditions 2020-21 Southern Ocean season made the national news this week appearing in TVNZ 1 News piece. The distribution and thickness of ice floes depends on location, time of year, water currents and sea temperatures. Did You Know That More People Drown In Deserts Than Die From Dehydration? The only island on the open sea is the remote Jonas island in the northwestern part of the Okhotsk Sea, about halfway between Magadan and Nikolayevsk on the Amur. Okhotskoye More, 590,000 sq mi (1,528,100 sq km), northwest arm of the Pacific Ocean, W of the Kamchatka peninsula and the Kuril Islands. Iony Island is the only island in open waters. The population of Magadan grew rapidly as facilities were developed for the expanding mining activities in the area. Because of the influence of these currents, the waters of the eastern half of the sea are warmer than those of the western part. It is probably best known as the centre of the notorious Gulags from the Stalin era, where tens of thousands of political prisoners were sent to forced labour camps in the 1930’s to 1950’s. the Kamchatka Peninsula to the eastern cape of Hokkaido. Some of the Sea of Okhotsk's islands are quite large, including Japan's second largest island, Hokkaido, as well as Russia's largest island, Sakhalin. Bering's men had found valuable Sea Otters east of Kamchatka and fur hunters began island-hopping along the Aleutian Islands. This recalibrated yet again the strategic value of the disputed South Kuril Islands. Islands. For the next 145 years Okhotsk was the main Russian seaport on the Pacific, supplying Kamchatka and other coastal settlements. More than 140 species of birds can be found on the island, most of them migratory. Other sources of sediment include coastal abrasion and volcanic activity. Little known outside of Russia and seldom visited by westerners, Russia's Sea of Okhotsk dominates the Northwest Pacific. Russian explorers Ivan Moskvitin and Vassili Poyarkov were the first Europeans to visit the Sea of Okhotsk in the 1640s. The sea now supplies a large portion of the catches in eastern Russia and valuable deposits of oil and natural gas have been discovered on the sea’s northern shelf. Head south to the Kuril Islands, a vast chain of volcanic islands separating the Sea of Okhotsk and the Pacific Ocean. In this northern sea winter navigation is usually difficult, and at times impossible due to ice. The Sea of Okhotsk is the coldest sea in East Asia and in winter the climate over much of the region differs only slightly from that found in the Arctic. In autumn and in spring the northern part of the Okhotsk Sea is covered with ice. The Sea of Okhotsk is one of the world’s most biologically productive seas. With the exception of Japan's Hokkaido Island, the Sea of Okhotsk is surrounded on all sides by territory administered and controlled by the Russian Federation. Feeding the Russian Fur Trade: Provisionment of the Okhotsk Seaboard and the Kamchatka Peninsula 1639–1856, James R Gibson, 1969, Blind Man's Bluff: The Untold Story of American Submarine Espionage, by Sherry Sontag, Christopher Drew and Annette Lawrence Drew, 1998, Magadan, Michael Solomon, 1971, Auerbach Publishers, May Day in Magadan, Anthony Olcott, 1984, Bantam Publishers, The Gulag Archipelago, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, three volumes published 1973–78. Salmon, Herring, Pollack, Flounder, Cod, Crab and Shrimp are all commercially harvested. The recession of Arctic sea ice in recent years due to global climate change had led to increased international legal manoeuvring over the rights to exploit the region's vast untapped hydrocarbon reserves. By 1858 the catches had declined, sending most of the fleet back to the Bering Strait region, although ships continued to hunt whales in the Sea of Okhotsk until the early 20th Century. It is an archipelago of 6,852 islands, most of which are mountainous, and many are volcanic. Vitus Bering's two Pacific expeditions (1725–1729 and 1733–1742) swelled the population and the first scholars and expert sailors arrived leading to a great deal of building. Sea of Okhotsk Positioned between the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Russian coastline, Sakhalin Island, the Japanese island of Hokkaido and the Kuril Islands, the Sea of Okhotsk is an extension of the North Pacific Ocean. These islands offer a fascinating primitive ad authentic beauty. The Sea of Okhotsk has one of the highest concentration of the majestic Steller's Sea eagle of anywhere in the Russian Far East. River drainage combined with intense intermingling of waters by straits and wind and the upwelling of deep, nutrient-laden ocean waters are all favourable to marine life. Sea of Okhotsk The Sea of Okhotsk is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean. Regardless, commerce still flows most of the year through the important Russian ports of Magadan, Palana and Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. Sea Of Okhotsk has had: (M1.5 or greater) 0 earthquakes in the past 24 hours 1 earthquake in the past 30 days The Sea of Okhotsk is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, lying between the Kamchatka Peninsula on the east, the Kuril Islands on the southeast, the Japanese island of Hokkaidō to the south, the island of Sakhalin along the west, and a long stretch of eastern Siberian coast (including the Shantar Islands) along the west and north. Then in 1849 the Siberian governor Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky decided to move the Siberian Flotilla to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and other government facilities to Ayan. The Sea of Okhotsk is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean. Practically all of the sea's islands are either in coastal waters or belong to the various islands making up the Kuril Islands chain. Positioned between the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Russian coastline, Sakhalin Island, the Japanese island of Hokkaido and the Kuril Islands, the Sea of Okhotsk is an extension of the North Pacific Ocean. 10 History "Facts" That Are Actually Totally Wrong. The sea is named after Okhotsk, the first Russian settlement in the Far East. The majorit… |state=expanded: {{Sea of Okhotsk Islands|state=expanded}} to show the template expanded, i.e., fully visible |state=autocollapse : {{Sea of Okhotsk Islands|state=autocollapse}} shows the template collapsed to the title bar if there is a {{ navbar }} , a {{ sidebar }} , or some other table on … The sea’s maximum depth is 3,372 metres or 11,063 feet. Iony Island is the only island located in open waters and belongs to the Khabarovsk Krai of the Russian Federation. These fall either under undisputed Japanese or Russian ownership or disputed ownership between Japan and Russia. The sea was formed within the past two million years through the combined action of repeated glaciation. Practically all of the sea's islands are either in coastal waters or belong to the various islands making up the Kuril Islands chain. It is connected with the Sea of Japan by the Tatar and La Pérouse straits and with the Pacific Ocean by passages through the Kuril Islands. It is located between Russia 's Kamchatka Peninsula on the east, the Kuril Islands on the southeast, Japan 's island of Hokkaido on the south, the island of Sakhalin along the west, and a stretch of eastern Siberian coast along the west and north. There was so little pasture in the area that pack horses sometimes had to be returned to Yakutsk unloaded. Sea of Okhotsk Sea of Okhotskis a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean, between the Kamchatka Peninsula on the east, the Kuril Islands on the southeast, the island of Hokkaido to the south, the island of Sakhalin along the west, and a long stretch of eastern Siberian coast along the west and north. In the northern half of the straits they flow into the sea, but in the southern half they return into the Pacific. In 1736 Okhotsk was moved two miles downstream to a spit of land at the mouth of the Okhota River, converting it to a proper port. Dutch captain Maarten Gerritsz Vries entered the Sea of Okhotsk in his ship the Breskens in 1643 and charted parts of the Sakhalin coast and Kuril Islands, but failed to realize that Sakhalin and Hokkaido were islands. the Kuril Islands, and the Japanese island of Hokkaido. This is heavily used from the Russian side. In the short summer months when temperatures warm the sea, there is a marked increase in activity. Waterfowl and many migratory species are also well represented. Atlasova Island is named after the Russian explorer Vladimir Atlasov, and it was the first of the Kuril Islands to be discovered. Water flows from the Sea of Japan into the Sea of Okhotsk, accounting for the comparative warmth of the south-western area. It covers an area of 1,583,000-square-kilometres (611,000-square-miles) and it has a mean depth of about 859 metres (2,818 feet). Okhotsk, Sea of (ōkŏtsk`), Rus. Goods now had to be unloaded and barged across the shallow harbour where Yakuts would wade with loads from barge to shore. Shumshu is the lowest lying of the islands, and is covered with lakes and marshland. The Sea of Okhotsk was the site of the attack on Korean Air Flight 007 which the Soviets accused of spying in 1983 and was also used by the Soviet Pacific Fleet as a ballistic missile submarine bastion, a strategy that Russia continues to this day. These operations have been documented in the book Blind Man's Bluff: The Untold Story of American Submarine Espionage. The water of the Sea of Okhotsk consists of continental drainage, precipitation and waters flowing from the Pacific Ocean through the straits of the Kuril Islands and from the Sea of Japan through the La Perouse Strait. Practically all of the sea's islands are either in coastal waters or belong to the various islands making up the Kuril Islandschain. Some of the Sea of Okhotsk's islands are quite large, including Japan's second largest island, Hokkaidō, as well as Russia's largest island, Sakhalin. By 1716 they had built the Vostok which Kozma Sokolov sailed to Kamchatka. The northeast corner is the Shelikhov Gulf. The coldest months in the sea are January and February and the warmest are July and August. [7] If we place the Sea of Okhotsk and adjacent Beringia into a broader context of the Northern Hemisphere’s ma- The area is approximately of 1,600 million square kilometers. Lying in the western sector of the Sea of Okhotsk close to the continent, the islands in this archipelago are amongst the last place in the Sea of Okhotsk to become ice free each year. The town of Magadan, founded in 1929 on the site of an earlier settlement, was a major transit centre during the Stalin era for the predominantly political prisoners sent to forced-labour camps. It belongs to the Khabarovsk Krai of the Russian Federation. The Sea of Okhotsk is home to the majestic Steller’s Sea Eagle and numerous seabirds such as guillemots, puffins, auklets and fulmars. From at early on it had been clear that Okhotsk had been built on poor site. In the Bering Sea the trough north of Buldir in the Aleutian Islands sinks to 2237 fathoms, and in the Sea of Okhotsk, north-west of the Kuriles, to 1859 fathoms. Bounded to the north and west by the Russian continent and the Kamchatka Peninsula to the east, with the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin Island guarding the … Some of the Sea of Okhotsk's islands are quite large, including Japan's second largest island, Hokkaido, as well as Russia's largest island, Sakhalin. This decision means that Russia has exclusive rights to the 52,000-square-kilometres area described as a 'real Ali Baba's cave' that contains reserves of valuable minerals and other natural resources. Portuguese Jew, Anton de Vieira, was governor of the town at that time. For the most part, the currents flow clockwise around the Kuril Islands. Okhotskoye More, 590,000 sq mi (1,528,100 sq km), northwest arm of the Pacific Ocean, W of the Kamchatka peninsula and the Kuril Islands. The first detailed summary of the hydrology of the Sea of Okhotsk was prepared and published by Stepan Makarov in 1894. The town also provided the port for exporting the gold and other metals mined in the Kolyma region. Article … The area shown is just off the southeastern coast of Sakhalin, Russia’s largest island. If the Philippines is divided into 3 major islands, Japan is subdivided deinto four (4) namely Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Hokkaido. The islands of the Sea of Okhotsk include the second largest island of Japan, Hokkaido. Fresh water was also a challenge, and had to delivered to the settlement from two and a half miles away. the sea’s southwest portion. The tiny island in the north of the Sea of Okhotsk, really beautiful place with birds, and very interesting for lovers of wild life. In this northern sea winter navigation is usually difficult, and … In 1742 there were 57 dwellings and 45 other buildings in Bering's ‘expedition settlement’ and eight ships in the harbour. The deepest part is the Kuril Basin (west of the Kuril Islands) at about 2,500 metres (8,200 feet). Islands. Explore Okhotsk Town and interact with the friendly locals Visit Tyulenly Island, with one of the largest northern fur seal colonies View abundant birdlife, including the majestic Steller’s sea eagles Learn about the Gulags of the Kolyma Goldfields - a legacy of sorrow This provided the Soviets favourable conditions to develop fisheries and embark on mineral exploitation. Almost the entire sea came under the supervision of the Soviet Union in 1977 when a 200-mile exclusive economic zone was established. In the north-eastern part the average monthly air temperature during February is −20°C (−4°F), while in August the average is 12°C (54°F). Although the harbour inside the spit was large, three quarters of it was a mud flat during low water. Some of the Sea of Okhotsk's islands are quite large, including Japan's second largest island, Hokkaido, as well as Russia's largest island, Sakhalin. Warm water is also carried into the sea by Pacific currents. During the summer months the sea is warmed to a depth of 30 to 50 metres (100 to 165 feet). However, 21 species of birds constantly live there, so the small island is … Their furs were brought back to Okhotsk and most were carried inland to be sold to the Chinese at Kyakhta. This morning, visit Shumshu, one of the northernmost of the Kurils, which consist of 56 islands that separate the Sea of Okhotsk from the Pacific. The sea water temperature varies from -1.8 to +18 degrees C The Okhotsk Sea - The Most Beautiful Seas in the World About the Okhotsk Sea The Okhotsk Sea is situated in the Pacific Ocean and washes Russia and Japan. The latest earthquakes in Sea Of Okhotsk. Gradually much business activity shifted south which severely diminished the importance of the town of Okhotsk and the population declined from 1,660 in 1839 to just 100 in 1865. Ice cover makes an appearance at the end of October and reaches its greatest extent in March. Some of the Sea of Okhotsk's islands are quite large. Except for the small area touching Hokkaido, the sea is almost completely enclosed by Russian territory. However, Japan still maintains a claim to the four southernmost islands of the Kuril Archipelago, including Kunashir, Iturup, Shikotan, and the Habomai rocks. Practically all of the sea's islands are either in coastal waters or belong to the various islands making up the Kuril Islands chain. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. The Russian pioneers who founded the town of Okhotsk were skilled builders of river boats, but they lacked the knowledge and equipment to build seagoing vessels which meant that Okhotsk remained a coastal settlement and not a port. By 1827 150 exiles and around 100 guards and overseers worked there. These include Japan's second largest island, Hokkaidō, as well as Russia's largest island, Sakhalin. Large quantities of continental sediment flow into the sea, primarily from the Amur River. The Sea of Okhotsk was a magnet for whalers in the mid 19th Century. With the exception of Japan’s Hokkaidō, the Sea of Okhotsk is surrounded on all sides by territory administered by the Russian Federation. Large ships could only cross the bar on an incoming or outgoing high tide and sailing ships sometimes had to wait for days for the wind to blow in the right direction. From 1932 to 1953 it was the administrative centre of the Dalstroy organization which coordinated a large scale and brutal forced-labor gold-mining and forced-labour camp operation. The northeast corner is the Shelikhov Gulf. Viewed from the International Space Station, patterns of sea ice in the Sea of Okhotsk reveal the dynamics of ocean currents that could otherwise only be seen in sunglint. S largest island of Russia, Sakhalin, is also one of the sea, primarily from the sea (... 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