It is a couple of years travel from Earth, at least. This book is about a writer talking about the effect a trip to Mars or even colonization for humans will be in the future. There is an almost 300 degrees Celsius, or 572 degrees Fahrenheit, temperature difference between the day and night temperatures on the moon. Recently, there has been a lot of talk about the colonization of other planets such as Mars, and in doing so we become Illegal Aliens, unless we first colonize the Moon. Perhaps it would be preferable to use Mars as a staging post for … You’ve already got a great answer from Haseeb that goes into the scientific details. The moon, on the other hand, has almost no atmosphere. The moon, on the other hand, is easy to get to, since it is much closer. • We should colonize Mars to experiment with new ways of living. To start sending water and rocket fuel for the journey home, along with other supplies to Mars, we’d have to do years of research first. Space colonization is not only a solution for our inevitable end, but also a salient opportunity for the scientific…, An example is SpaceX, who has been testing different rockets that can accurately land back toward the planet. Colonizing another planet is in line with the human spirit of exploration. • We should colonize Mars to exploit its natural resources. Pros: * We made it to another planet! However, colonizing Mars implies many important problems and scientists are not sure yet whether Mars is really a promising option when it comes to populating other planets. If we mined Mars for these types of raw materials, it would be incredibly expensive to get them back to Earth. The first benefit is one of the main reasons why Elon Musk believes that we should colonize Mars: it would mark the beginning of extraterrestrial life for human beings. On the moon, the day is very hot and the night is very cold. The moon is really close to Earth. Ensuring the survival of our species. This process of getting to Mars takes a lot of energy, and requires a huge rocket to get even a small amount of stuff on the surface. The mission to colonize Mars runs into three major challenges. Mars, on the other hand, is a totally separate planet that evolved on its own, had lots of cool geology (there are some really, really tall inactive volcanoes on Mars). Colonization would benefit Earthlings to do so. But many explorers who want to colonize Mars have as their main motivation that it is new. Sounds crazy, right? Similarity to earth Mars shares characteristics which is why it could potentially be another habitat where humans can live. However, several pros and cons are associated with colonizing the Red planet. The moon doesn’t really have anything to block you from getting zapped (technical term). "Only by pushing mankind to its limits, to the bottoms of the … By doing this, we are saving the work of thousands of persons that make up the history of our planet, Earth. In 2030 NASA plans on launching a mission to Mars, but they need people educated to operate and undertake the space missions. Right now, you are standing on the edge of history. If you shot stuff in a canon off the moon at the right angle and speed, it would literally fall back to Earth. Additionally, we should focus more on losing the fear of knowing what is out there in space. So would you want to colonize, Pros And Cons Of The Colonization Of Mars. Others have discussed microgravity’s effects on the human body, but Mars is not free-fall. Aaron Ridley is a professor of space sciences and engineering at the University of Michigan. Improving the quality of life on Earth. But while most experts agree that we’ll one day be able to send humans to Mars, not all of them think we should. Unless we’d fled Earth because it had become a nuclear wasteland. First, let’s consider the advantages of Mars. Our space missions can change how we live our lives on Earth. Kick off each morning with coffee and the Daily Brief (BYO coffee). Mars is also capitalized, while the moon is not. To think about this I feel one must ask is how life with gravity is and what effect it will have on me. First, likening a colony on Mars to life insurance is misleading. Mars has benefits not found on Earth. Human exploratory missions targeting Mars are very expensive. One objection that often gets raised when talking about … Evidence suggests that the moon is a big chunk of the Earth that split off a long, long time ago. Back to Teacher View. I think the article you choose was helpful identifying different pros and cons. Mars has an atmosphere. If you think video conferencing is bad, imagine trying to have a conversation with someone with a 24-minute delay. Hope to hear more! In fact, since the moon is orbiting the Earth, we can go there pretty much whenever we want. Though robotic spacecraft can do a lot, they lack the critical firsthand experience that can only be captured by humans. Statistically, Earth is one in a billion. The simple answer to this is only the future can tell, but the future is now.…, It will be a great opportunity that can open many doors to knowledge. The first benefit is one of the main reasons why Elon Musk believes that we should colonize Mars: it would mark the beginning of … Although some may question the justification of going to Mars, humans should colonize Mars for the benefit of all people. Colonization would benefit Earthlings to do so. Therefore, in this article, we shall be taking you through the pros and cons of colonizing mars. Instead, let us note the benefits that can come from interplanetary colonization, even for those of us who decide to stay on the Earth’s surface. Mars is really cool. The real wild card for long-term health is the low gravity. We’ve got some awesome news for you. They aren't interested in colonizing the Moon, because it has already "been done". Although humans have visited the moon before, it still harbors mysteries including the investigation of water ice near it’s poles. The Big Bang explosion most likely rocketed similar elements to celestial bodies that orbit other stars. Now, if you want astronauts to come back home, you have to build a rocket that can get to Mars and back again. In addition to studying space and its relevance to our own planet, NASA helps us understand how planet Earth has developed over the years, and how Earth can change in the coming years.…, The colonization of Mars could also help our knowledge of the world's beyond earth, through this colonization we could venture into greater knowledge and experience new things we haven’t had the opportunity to here on earth. Evidence suggests that water may exist in the subsurface all over Mars. This article was adapted from an original post on The Rocket Science Blog. Humans have been fascinated with the moon for millennia. Colonizing another planet is in line with the human spirit of exploration. Let us know why… Colonization … It is red. We should colonize Mars because it has many similarities to Earth and can serve as a stepping stone into the rest of the universe. Then, you begin to think if NASA will hire you after you applied 20 years ago. As a space science professor, I believe this is the perfect opportunity to revive an important debate: If humans needed to beat a retreat from planet Earth, would it be better to live on Mars, or on the moon? and how they would affect our own planet if we were to come in contact with such obstacles. Yeah, you. Then it would just be a reminder of everything we’d lost. Based upon your lists of pros and cons Mars seems to be the better proposition. So, scientifically, Mars is a much better destination than the moon. Enjoy! Now let’s turn to the advantages of living on the moon. Those don’t exist yet. Even if Mars is a lifeless planet, whether it’s ethical to colonize Mars may depend on what kinds of consequences the mission has here on Earth. It only takes three days to get to the moon, while it takes six months to get to Mars. NASA’s website explains, “At sea level on Earth, we breathe in an atmosphere where each cubic centimeter contains 10,000,000,000,000,000,000 molecules; by comparison the lunar atmosphere has less than 1,000,000 molecules in the same volume.” Since the moon has so little atmosphere, any wind can’t really move heat from the hot day side to the cold night side. Ready access to water would be important not only for our ability to stay hydrated and grow things, but because we would be able to use it to create oxygen to breathe. Ugh. We have years of analysis, several probes, robots and an enormous amount of data about mars. But since it takes only three days to get there, it is easier to avoid times in which there may be radiation flare-ups. This is fine for a three-day journey to the moon, but would really not work for the six-month journey to Mars. A day on Mars is roughly 24 hours, ... PROS AND CONS. “Only by pushing mankind to its limits, to the bottoms of the … The atmosphere also means that we can pressurize domes and structures using air from outside. The Pros And Cons Of Colonization Of Mars Informative Speech On Life On Mars. Mars is almost suitable for human life but thats the best we got. Let's take a look at some of the pros -- and cons -- of colonizing the moon. Because of the possibility for life and the very interesting geology that took place a long time ago, Mars provides a much better opportunity for scientific exploration. That would be tough! However, sending people to Mars for long periods of time would be extremely unsafe, and we shouldn’t do it. That said, the moon is a much more economically feasible location for a colony. Just as it’s easier to send supplies to the moon than it is to send them to Mars, shipping stuff from the moon back down to Earth is very, very cheap (read the Robert Heinlein book, The Moon is a Harsh Mistress). It is a great challenge but colonizing Mars could be the start of the space revolution. Yes, there are already plans to colonize Mars. Our home for bold arguments and big thinkers. Con: Colonizing Mars would be very Expensive. The quote “The Alarming Prospect of Life without Gravity’’ is an excerpt I felt developed the story. If I were to weigh 200 pounds (91 kilograms) on Earth, and I am not saying that I do, I would weigh 33 pounds (15 kilograms) on the moon and 75 pounds (34 kilograms) on Mars. A solar event could happen on the way to the moon, too. It is worth for human life for many reasons such as discovering the unknown sciences in space.…, Throughout the book, Packing for Mars by Mary Roach, 5 excerpts gave me a good sense as to why the details discussed in the book are relevant. And since a Martian year is much longer than an Earth year, the planets only align in the right way for travel once every two years. Though it has both pros and cons, still the ball falls under the court towards the need of outer-planet colonization. Likewise, there’s a variety of space organizations interested in going to Mars and none of them are in…, “The Coming Schism” by James E. and Alcestis R. Oberg explores what will happen when people finally colonize Mars. The moon has some surface water, as well as interior water, but we would probably have to live near the poles to access it. These are the core obsessions that drive our newsroom—defining topics of seismic importance to the global economy. The Process Of Growing Plants Without Soil Essay. Space missions could be the turning point of history, but do the risks outweigh the benefits? An interesting historical fact is that during 1972, when there were a couple of moon landings, there were a lot of solar radiation events. Another way the colonization of Mars could be profitable would be its open space. The first problem we encountered is whether distance. Imagine if during the day, your house, car, and cloths had to be designed for Phoenix, Arizona, during the summer, and at night, everything had be designed for Antarctica in the winter. If there were no other considerations to be made, most would agree that a Mars colony could be a fascinating project. One side believes that by sending humans to Mars we are completing yet another great technological endeavor while gaining valuable understanding of life. Improving the quality of life on Earth. Don’t get me wrong, we do have rockets that can land tiny amounts of stuff on Mars. We could start dumping supplies on the moon in months if we really wanted to. Ultimately the goal of space exploration must be to go beyond the limits of our solar system, given that the Sun has a limited duration. To only study planet Earth would not only limit our understanding of science and life, but would also put ourselves in danger. Let’s start with Mars, which is a favorite planet for colonization scenarios, including for Elon Musk who thinks we should colonize Mars because earth will eventually face a … This has big safety implications: Rescuing people from the moon would only take a few days, while on Mars, people could be stranded for years. In order to save our species, we have to find possible solutions. We have rockets right now that can land a lot of stuff on the moon. For one, is it ethical to colonize Mars in the first place? It has been said that it will take no more than 50 years to fulfill the colonization of mars. Consider this: The rockets that we took to the moon and back were the largest rockets that we have ever built, and they were only large enough to have three guys crammed into a tiny space about the size of a minivan. NASA wants, at the very least, to send some astronauts over to the Red Planet to check it out. These are some of our most ambitious editorial projects. The atmosphere allows wind to blow, which helps to equalize the day-to-night temperature differences—but causes a lot of dust to move around, too. For an exploratory Mars program, a budget of several several tens of billion Euros has been estimated. Colonizing Mars could give people that reassurance they need that even if they didn’t see past earth, the generations to come would. A day on the moon lasts as long as 28 Earth days, which would take a fair bit of adjustment. But it’s really hard to get big objects to Mars. Vaishnavi Chandrashekhar wrote that “India marked its 101st space mission” and “There are signs that this is already happening.” (India Launches 101st Space Mission, and Looks to Mars.) His podcast, X and Why, talks about science and technology. © 2021 Quartz Media, Inc. All rights reserved. Mars has benefits not found on Earth. Mars spins at a pretty reasonable rate. Below mar's surface is frozen water. Also, if you want to have a conversation with someone on the moon from planet Earth, you would only have a few seconds of time delay. You read that right. This would prevent you from frying if you went outside. The Pros And Cons Of Illegal Aliens. In the second instalment of his two-part feature on human missions to Mars, Dr Alexander Kumar asks whether we should send people to the Red Planet given our poor record managing this one. The things that we can discovered in Mars can also help save the environment of planet Earth.…, To better understand life and how we as humans were created, the study of outer space is a must, because our planet is only a speck of dust within a giant vast universe. This saves a huge amount of fuel (money). NASA studies the obstacles in space (meteors, black holes, etc.) Also, people try to find another world for people because some people think earth not forever and there is another world in space that is people can live in such as Mars. As land on Earth becomes more expensive and as the population grows, people will be wanting more places to go. • We should colonize Mars as a backup planet. This is not definitive, but it is a relatively strong possibility. One of these is that it would be remarkably expensive. The Obergs make assumptions according to what they believe will be the future for not only the people on Mars but also for the people on Earth. We have written many interesting articles on colonization here at Universe Today. B. Gravity on Mars is more powerful than the gravity on the moon. They just want to be the first people on a new planet. Imagine a farm without dirt or tractors. There are plans in the works to put boots on Mars in this generation. ... along with other supplies to Mars, we’d have to do years of research first. (Credit: TheFactSite). Ultimately, many believe that we will eventually be forced to colonize space. It would assume it would be hard to find data or facts about Mars or future colonization on Mars, but if you could it would be a strong argument. The Constellation project also has objectives. The other rationale is that sending humans to Mars is a fancy feat that will merely appease our natural human curiosity. Its day is just over 24 hours long, so a day on Mars would be roughly equivalent to a day on Earth. However, there are several arguments against humans colonizing Mars. Such a large day-to-night temperature difference can make it really difficult to engineer the right living systems, such as habitats and cars for moving around and space suits for going outside. If that's your motivation, then remember, as soon as the first colonists arrive on Mars then it will already "be done". Another benefit of space travel is that we may also find planets that we could colonize in the near future. That big, cold, lonely lump of rock spinning through the endless void 54.6 million kilometers away? By providing your email, you agree to the Quartz Privacy Policy. This increased gravity on Mars helps keeps the atmosphere on the planet, and would also be useful for making objects stay put on the ground and keeping our bones a bit more robust. One of the strongest arguments in favor of Mars colonization is the survival of mankind in the event of a global catastrophe. From the discoveries of Aristotle and Galileo to modern science explorations, the moon has held profound mysteries and endless possibilities. Colonizing Mars provides an opportunity to test out various utopian ideals. Besides the moon, Mars is the only current celestial object where a human being can try to visit and colonize. This frozen water can be extracted from the ground which would allow humans to extract both H20 and oxygen. You would agree that the center of Antarctica in winter is cold, not the best of places to set up … But the Trump administration has recently signaled that it’s more interested in sending astronauts back to the moon. NO. Colonizing Mars provides an opportunity to test out various utopian ideals. It is mostly carbon dioxide, which is great for plants, but really sucks for us humans. Sometime soon, something’s gonna happen that will send you tumbling over into a whole new era of human evolution. So if we mine the moon for substances like metals or Helium-3, which is needed for nuclear fusion, we could get stuff back to the Earth for almost no cost at all. It’s not really a great atmosphere, but at least it is one. Take a look at this post to read about why rockets have to be so big. Furthermore, the geology of other planets can help us understand our own planet’s formation better. • We should colonize Mars to learn the answers to … You would still get a fair bit of radiation exposure, though. Every planet has a dynamic ecosystem or environment. Astronauts would be out on a tiny ship in the vastness of space. Really, you would have to definitely live in caves on the moon, but on Mars, it might be possible to live above-ground. We have learned that they all behave in some similar ways, but there are strange differences between our … Here are some reasons why we should colonize other planets. Instead, let us note the benefits that can come from interplanetary colonization, even for those of us who decide to stay on the Earth’s surface. To sum up, space exploration is foremost and it is precious for people. A Mars colony will continue to be far off in the future until the funding and political winds shift. We will be able to collect more data on Earth itself, studying from another perspective. Barack Obama from, “America Will Take the Giant Leap to Mars”…, In essence, their aspirations to verify their origins can potentially be fulfilled if they were to travel deep in space. If there were a large solar event that caused radiation to increase significantly, which happens a lot, then they would die unless the ship had extremely heavy-duty radiation shielding. 1. Future missions are also being planned to observe the Sun, venus, and even Jupiter.…, When they get answers that will help earth and space in the future. Once colonized, Mars will have millions of miles of free space to build on, which the could be sold to those on Earth who need somewhere to go, and cause the Martian economy to flourish.. Watching the Earth rise while sitting in my living room on the moon would be awesome. Ideas such as colonizing another planet is not unheard of and if humans do not consider the possible impacts in a new environment, this can be detrimental. We’re gonna colonize Mars. And if something horrific happened on Earth and it could no longer sustain life, Mars would be a much better place to live because of the possibility of finding water, its higher gravity, and its atmosphere. “NASA has an exciting new vision of future space flight - the return of humans to the moon by 2020 in preparation for visits to Mars and possibly beyond.” (Schlager,NP) Those skills are essential to the future expansion of human presence into deeper space. With the recent discovery of flowing liquid water on Mars, talk has turned to what it would take to colonize Mars. Our emails are made to shine in your inbox, with something fresh every morning, afternoon, and weekend. That possibility is fascinating and is one of the main reasons that we keep going back there. Pros of Colonizing Mars. There is about a two-week period in which you can launch a rocket to get from the Earth to Mars (called a “launch window”), and if you miss that, you are out of luck until the next time they align in the right way, two years later. Two experts weigh in on the pros and cons of trying to send humans to Mars. We Should Colonize Other Planets for the Science. A comparable annual budget is presently spent … Mars’s atmosphere could also stop a bunch of harmful EUV and energetic particles from the sun. The way humans have treated it for the past several years may forebode a tragic ending. We have set foot on the Moon, and we’ve sent probes to almost every planet in our system. Venus is 41 million kilometers closer to Earth than Mars, at a distance of 108.2 million km, while Mars is 149.6 million km away. Joel Achenbach states that “SpaceX committee member John Sommerer said that it is unrealistic to expect a commercial company to spend the money and take on the risk necessary to achieve human exploration on the Martian surface.” (Study: Mars Landing Still Far, Far Away) Another agency interested in Mars is India. Cons. Really, neither of them is great from a radiation standpoint, but if one had to choose, Mars is better. Small spacecraft, such as Voyager 1, have traveled more than 138 AU from our planet since launching, with the goal of discovering what interstellar space may have in store. British doctor Alexander Kumar wrote that in a 2012 article for BBC News where he explored the pros and cons of sending humans to Mars. In order to get to Mars, you have to get completely away from Earth, move out to Mars, and then land softly on the planet’s surface. The colonization of Mars could benefit humankind because expanding our species to a second planet could help maintain our existence longer, the colonization of Mars could also help us as a way for people to gather information about the universe; and with this newly found research and information, we could discover new types of Life throughout new and never traveled galaxies. Some people theorize that there could actually be life there. It’s named after the Roman god of war. The delay to Mars is between four and 24 minutes, depending on whether Mars is on “our side” of the sun or the opposite side. Space is dangerous. It Will Drive Technological Change on Earth. We also have plans drawn up for a long time. Cold. It is a subject that few people know about, which can help or hinder if you choose it. Why We Should Colonize Mars Reasons to colonize Mars. Rockets would have to be built on (or in orbit around) Mars, and these would have to make the long journey back to Earth, which takes a lot of fuel. A lot of people suffered exploits, mistreatments, forced labor, and some, even death, all in the hands of the cruelty of … It is important to explore Mars, and humans play a valuable role in that research. Well done! So, from a purely commerce-oriented standpoint, a moon colony is a much better economical venture. Let’s not look at that either. Luckily, it happened when everyone was safe on the Earth! One was bad enough that it could have killed all of the astronauts on the moon if there had been any.

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