That's right, renewable energy comes from natural resources such as wind, plant material (wood), water (rivers, tides, dams), geothermal (underground) and sunlight—and is naturally replenished. Define a design problem that can be solved through the development of an object, tool, process or system and includes multiple criteria and constraints, including scientific knowledge that may limit possible solutions. In the United States, both marine renewable energy (MRE) and offshore wind energy (OSW) industries are still developing, 8), Decisions to develop and use technologies often put environmental and economic concerns in direct competition with one another. In the ASN, standards are hierarchically structured: first by source; e.g., by state; within source by type; e.g., science or mathematics; 3 - Alignment agreement: There are systematic processes for evaluating solutions with respect to how well they meet the criteria and constraints of a problem. WASHINGTON, Dec. 12 (TNSRes) -- The U.S. Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory issued the following web feature:The ocean-waves on the water, currents beneath the surface, and winds above the water-offers a wealth of energy potential. How much is there? Free K-12 standards-aligned STEM curriculum for educators everywhere. Any reusable equipment that is necessary to teach the activity is not included in this estimate; see the Materials List/Supplies for details. The Energy Lab includes a collection of eight short videos that cover basic energy topics. Your task is to act as engineers and analyze data about the potential amount of solar and wind energy available at our school location. biomass: Biological (organic) material from living or dead organisms (especially plants) used as an energy source. When designing systems to produce or transmit sustainable energy, or power, engineers look at opportunities to harness renewable resources such as wind, sunlight, biofuels (plant materials), geothermal heat and flowing water (dams, currents, tides), which are naturally replenished. Each wind turbine has an area of approximately 1,000 m, Your units should be in kilowatt hours/year. 8), Requirements for design are made up of criteria and constraints. Wind or solar? 12), Energy resources can be renewable or nonrenewable. Students learn and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of renewable and non-renewable energy sources. In addition, targeted for ages 15 and up, the academic content of Renewable Energy Online has been developed for thorough comprehension and understanding to achieve effective learning online. 6 - Identify the factors contributing to renewable energy feasibility. Direct students to discuss their ideas with their partners. Students analyze real-world data for five types of renewable energy, as found on the online Renewable Energy Living Lab. 5), The management of waste produced by technological systems is an important societal issue. Working in small groups, they examine maps and make calculations using NREL/US DOE data from the online Renewable Energy Living Lab. (Grades The policy, released last Thursday, aims to create a robust and efficient system of testing, standardization, and certification for the renewable energy sector. 8), Energy can be grouped into major forms: thermal, radiant, electrical, mechanical, chemical, nuclear, and others. Do you agree with this alignment? (Grades 6 - 8). Divide the class into groups of two students each. biomass: Biological (organic) material from living or dead organisms (especially plants) used as an energy source. Partial Design Process These resources engage students in some of the steps in the engineering design process, Do you agree with this alignment? within type by subtype, then by grade, etc. As students compare solar and wind power potentials for their school location, they may be confused when they realize the units provided for solar and wind power are not the same. Naval Research Laboratory October 22, 2019 This is the question that we will investigate today. This, along with their worksheet answers, reveals their level of comprehension, Teacher resources: http://www.teachengineering.org/livinglabs/renewable_energy/educators.php. Explanation for the renewable energy source selection, based on data. (Grades Renewable energy is generated by resource that do not dwindle because of use or overuse. DUE 0532684. Alternately, have students present their solutions to the entire class and then complete the analysis questions. Ask them about units of measure and geographic trends. One potential solution to this is to use renewable energy sources instead. Students use real-world data to evaluate the feasibility of solar energy and other renewable energy sources in different U.S. locations. 8), Design is a creative planning process that leads to useful products and systems. Alternative energy sources are defined as: Alternative energy sources are sometimes classified as inexhaustible or renewable. Many people assume that renewable or "green" energy sources are always the best solution. (Grades (Grades Identify three sites for each renewable energy plant: solar energy, geothermal energy, wind energy, hydropower and biomass energy. They also learn about our nation's electric power grid and what it means for a residential home to be "off the grid.". Thanks for your feedback! The expendable cost is the estimated cost of supplies needed for each group of students involved in the activity. 6 - NREL delivers impactful scientific discoveries, innovations and insights that transform clean energy technologies, systems and markets. wind turbine: A device similar to a windmill that moves with the wind to convert the kinetic energy created by the wind to mechanical energy. Point out the various units and color keys. The lab’s director, Dr. Valentin Soloiu, is the Allen E. Paulson Distinguished Chair of Renewable Energy and a Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering. Lesson, Copyright © 2012 Renewable Energy Living Lab, Colorado School of Mines, Copyright © 2016 Renewable Energy Living Lab, Colorado School of Mines. This means that the DOE will help our school pay for a renewable energy system. Read employee reviews and ratings on Glassdoor to decide if National Renewable Energy Lab is right for you. The webpage provides a description of the experiment with correlations to state and national science standards. Energy Experts, Explore and Explain: While students access data and evaluate maps, verify understanding through questioning and monitoring of student work. Then lead a class discussion to review possible answers and ideas for the prompts. While some of these resources may focus heavily on the brainstorm and design steps, For upper grades, have students access the NREL Renewable Energy Atlas to explore interactive maps. For example, if a student found a speed of 7.0 m/s on the map, that would correlate to a density of 400 W/m2. Specification of constraints includes consideration of scientific principles and other relevant knowledge that is likely to limit possible solutions. 8), Throughout history, new technologies have resulted from the demands, values, and interests of individuals, businesses, industries, and societies. Here are a few examples: We will learn more about renewable energy potential sources using the Renewable Energy Living Lab in the next few class periods. Energy Experts Engage: After students complete the ENGAGE section on the Energy Experts Worksheet, a written brainstorming opportunity, have them share with a partner so all voices are heard in the room. A wind turbine along the Colorado front range.copyrightCopyright © 2012 NREL. Navigate students to the Renewable Energy Living Lab: Check the boxes under the Resources folder (located on the left under the Data Layers tab) to switch between the maps depicting the potential for the five different forms of renewable hydropower, biomass, geothermal, wind and solar. For example, to utilize energy from water, engineers must design and build dams along with electric generators and transmission lines. First, go to the following website and watch the wind power video. All 100,000+ K-12 STEM standards covered in TeachEngineering are collected, maintained and packaged by the Achievement Standards Network (ASN), Review the worksheet with the class. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is dedicated to the research, development, commercialization, and deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies. Worksheet: Have students use the attached Power Your School Worksheet to guide the activity, which includes calculating the amount of solar and wind energy the school could potentially generate in one year. Direct students to study the maps to find areas with high potential to develop solar, geothermal, wind, hydro and biomass energy. Before they dive into the data, ask students to think about what types of information they will need in order to solve this problem. 6 - 6 - Many different methods are used to collect energy; some methods are better suited to a particular area than others. Curriculum. These videos will help students with concepts that they will face in the Research Challenge, but can also be used for individual exploration of key topics in energy and power. DOE’s Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. Go to this website: and watch the video found on that page. copyrightCopyright © (left) Idaho National Laboratory, (right) The White House https://inlportal.inl.gov/portal/server.pt?open=514&objID=1269&mode=2&featurestory=DA_531113 http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2011/04/22/resilient-and-sustainable-economies-gulf-coast. 8), Energy can be grouped into major forms: thermal, radiant, electrical, mechanical, chemical, nuclear, and others. Then, give students time to process what they learned by sharing solutions. Many natural resources are nonrenewable on human timescales, while others can be renewed or recycled To solve this problem, we'll use real-world data hosted on a website called "a living lab.". (Grades Although no charge or fee is required for using TeachEngineering curricular materials in your classroom, the lessons and activities often require material supplies. Next, it’s time to take a look at ethanol. Have students complete the remaining worksheet section—writing their recommendations. a project of D2L (www.achievementstandards.org). Provide students with background for the activity: Today you will explore five forms of renewable energy and determine where in the U.S. are the best locations to use this energy. Students become familiar with the online Renewable Energy Living Lab interface and access its real-world solar energy data to evaluate the potential for solar generation in various U.S. locations. Today we will explore five types of renewable energy resources and determine where in the U.S. are the best locations to convert these resources into electrical energy. 12), Energy resources can be renewable or nonrenewable. January 24, 2020. (Grades Your school football field can hold approximately four wind turbines safely. Visit each "How It Works" link to explore the engineering. Renewable Energy Online encourages people to become scientifically informed to overcome the challenges associated with harnessing different types of renewable energy. Videos include contextual information explaining why these topics matter to students and society. Which renewable energy source would produce best at your school? Thanks for your feedback! The virtual laboratory is interactive, flexible and cost effective. Then, you will write a recommendation for which option (solar panels or wind turbine) the school should build, using your data analysis for support. wind turbine: A device similar to a windmill that moves with the wind to convert the kinetic energy created by the wind to mechanical energy. 6), Use ratio reasoning to convert measurement units; manipulate and transform units appropriately when multiplying or dividing quantities. [Last Name] 1 Alternative Energy Lab 1.) Do you agree with this alignment? This activity is designed around the Renewable Energy Living Lab, a resource of current and real-world scientific data, in this case a culmination of available renewable energy data from across the U.S. Point out hot links at the bottom of the legend box for additional resources about each energy type. technology, engineering or math (STEM) educational standards. Recommendation for where to locate the option. Materials vary by activity. Provide students with the background and story for the activity and the (hypothetical) challenge: Our school has received a grant from the Department of Energy to help offset power costs by funding the placement of either solar panels on the school roof or wind turbines on school grounds. Although water, wind and other renewables may seem free, the cost comes in collecting the energy, transporting it to the where it is needed, and storing it for later use. 6), computer with internet access (or printed or projected renewable energy potential maps as found on the Renewable Energy Living Lab website). As scientists and engineers look for ways to better utilize renewable energy resources, they look at a variety of data to determine if these energy resources are feasible for given areas. (Grades Enforcement Letter, Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. 6 - Examples: Petroleum, natural gas, coal. Review the five renewable energy icons; discuss why each icon is appropriate for the energy type it represents (wind, biomass, hydro, geothermal, solar). Visit the "How It Works" link to explore the engineering involved. We need electrical energy to power our industries, to move from place to place, to grow and cook our food, and to warm or cool our homes. OFFICE OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY & RENEWABLE ENERGY Energy Department Announces Approximately $123.6 Million in Funding for 46 Projects to Bolster Domestic Manufacturing through Innovation. After this activity, students should be able to: Each TeachEngineering lesson or activity is correlated to one or more K-12 science, 6), The design process is a purposeful method of planning practical solutions to problems. Bioenergy, Wind Energy, Solar, Energy Basics, Water. Examples: Forest and wild plant growth (trees, branches, stumps), industrial wastes (such as from lumber and paper mills), urban waste (park trimmings, yard clippings, municipal solid waste, animal matter, sewage, food scraps), agricultural residues and fuel crops (corn, sugarcane, bamboo, hemp, wheat, straw, rice husks, grasses, algae, seaweed, animal fats, vegetable oils), etc. Part of an engineer's job involves determining what technologies are best suited for any given area and conditions. Scientists and engineers around the world gather data through observation and experimentation and use it to describe and understand how the world works. When designing systems to produce or transmit sustainable energy, or power, engineers look at opportunities to harness renewable resources such as wind, sunlight, biofuels, geothermal heat and flowing water. We will look at data acquired and presented by the Department of Energy National Laboratories. Check their answers to gauge their level of understanding. Use of the TeachEngineering digital library and this website constitutes acceptance of our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The more precisely a design task's criteria and constraints can be defined, the more likely it is that the designed solution will be successful. Enforcement. A former solar energy experiment site has become KIT Energy Lab 2.0, a testing ground for renewable energy. (Grades After the worksheet is completed, come together as a class to present solutions and discuss. Students use real-world data to evaluate whether solar power is a viable energy alternative for several cities in different parts of the U.S. Give students time to explore the living lab before they begin to analyze data. The data sources allow students to download data sets into Excel for further manipulations. However, these contents do not necessarily represent the policies of the National Science Foundation, and you should not assume endorsement by the federal government. 9 - The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the U.S. Department of Energy's primary national laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency research and development. Students use real-world data to evaluate whether solar power is a viable energy alternative for several cities in different parts of the U.S. Give students time to explore the living lab before they begin to analyze data. Many natural resources are nonrenewable on human timescales, while others can be renewed or recycled Biomass used for electricity generation varies widely by region. 6 - The collection is organized into three main “lessons”—each with its own set of brief and engaging videos and assessment questions that cover key areas of energy … Biomass used for electricity generation varies widely by region. How much is there/how much power potential? Note the "How It Works" hot link.copyrightCopyright © 2012 Renewable Energy Living Lab, Colorado School of Mines. (Grades 5), The management of waste produced by technological systems is an important societal issue. For upper grades, have students explore the other resources as well as utilize different reference data. (Grades 6 - 8). Is the resource available in the area where we need it? Review the five energy icons, and discuss why each is appropriate for its energy type. geothermal energy: Thermal (heat) energy from heat present under the Earth's surface. Environmental Science, General Science, Chemistry. Then watch the hydroelectric power video: (or click on the link provided). others may emphasize the testing and analysis phases. Renewable Energy Lab Experiments Directions: Click on the"Experiment Title" link to the lab that you wish to preview. a project of D2L (www.achievementstandards.org). Outside of academics, Daniel enjoys skiing, whitewater kayaking, mountain biking, and hiking. Go to http://www.teachengineering.org/livinglabs/renewable_energy/ and click to enter the Renewable Energy Living Lab. Use the Renewable Energy Living Lab to collect data on various energy forms. The CPO was established to accelerate NREL's leadership in securing renewable energy technologies and distributed energy systems. 9 - Environmental Science Lab Alternative Energy Lab Instructions and Worksheet In this lab, you will look at different alternative energy options. Check the boxes under the Resources folder (located on the left under the Data Layers tab) to switch between the maps depicting the potential for the five different forms of renewable hydropower, biomass, geothermal, wind and solar. but do not have them complete the full process. Engineers use both renewable and non-renewable energy sources to generate electricity, power vehicles, and make buildings functional. It provides a structured learning platform, where students will gradually achieve knowledge and skills while designing renewable energy systems and finding solutions to authentic energy-related problems. Have students summarize the results and conclusions of their analyses as recommendations (last worksheet section). Working in small groups, they examine maps and make calculations using NREL/US DOE data from the online Renewable Energy Living Lab. (Grade In order to do this, students first must use Table 1-1 Classes of Wind Power Density to determine the wind power density in W/m2 based off the wind speed (m/s) that they find on the map. Glassdoor has 354 National Renewable Energy Lab reviews submitted anonymously by National Renewable Energy Lab employees. Point out similarities and differences within their solutions/difficulties. It is rare that students have access to query such as extensive body of scientific data to support their own inquiry-based questions. Include both relative descriptions [that is, low, medium, high] and numerical data [that is, 5.0 kWh/m. The lab assists industry and research, while also providing RDC students with the skills necessary to install, operate, and maintain alternative energy systems. Conclude by having students share their recommendations in small groups or with the class. The Renewable Energy Living Lab gives students a chance to access the same data that is used by scientists and engineers to evaluate U.S. renewable energy sources. SERI was a federal facility dedicated to harnessing power from the sun and quickly caught national attention. Evaluate their recommendations against the following criteria: Summary Presentations: As would typically be done by engineers, have students present their recommendations in small groups or with the class. Commercial wind turbine manufacturers need Renewable Energy engineers for all aspects of the wind turbine generation process, including; site research and public education, as well as logistics for manufacturing, transport, erecting and maintaining these gigantic systems. 2.) Free K-12 standards-aligned STEM curriculum for educators everywhere. fossil fuel: A type of fuel formed by the decay and decomposition process of dead organisms buried in the Earth for millions of years. (can be split into two 45-minute sessions), (can be split into two 45-minute sessions), Subject Areas: This mechanical energy can be converted to electrical energy as well. Activities and Video Teach the Importance of Energy Alternatives.VWR offers a complete catalog of instruments and tools useful for demonstrating key, basic concepts of physics that are applicable to everyday life both in and out of the laboratory. As an introduction to renewable energy, review the descriptive paragraphs about each energy source the page. Working in small groups, students act as engineers evaluating the suitability of installing solar panels at four company locations. Any reusable equipment that is necessary to teach the activity is not included in this estimate; see the Materials List/Supplies for details. Additional background information is provided in the living lab interface including source information used to compile the data. Do you agree with this alignment? Energy Experts Elaborate and Evaluate: After students complete the ELABORATE questions on the worksheet, have them share their answers with the class. This table is given under the Wind Speed Offshore icon in the lower left corner, but for easy accessibility it is provided below. Use the icons in the lower left corner to read more information about each form of energy. Review their answers to gauge their understanding of the data. Activity, Middle School Sites should be within a reasonable driving distance, 200 miles, of an international airport. Activity, High School The uses of technologies and any limitations on their use are driven by individual or societal needs, desires, and values; by the findings of scientific research; and by differences in such factors as climate, natural resources, and economic conditions. Name an example of one: Nonrenewable resources are used faster than they can be replaced by natural Earth processes. (Grades Working in small groups, they examine maps and make calculations using NREL/US DOE data from the online Renewable Energy Living Lab. The Renewable Energy Living Lab gives students a chance to evaluate U.S. renewable energy sources. Hand out the worksheets as a guide for the activity. The official grand opening for the Alternative Energy Lab took place in February 2019, and complete details are available in the media release. Sandia National Laboratories has advanced research in renewable energy since the 1970s. A brief description of wind energy, as found on the Renewable Energy Living Lab introduction page. Students should be aware that watt-hours (Wh) or kilowatt-hours (kWh), are units of energy, while watts (W) or (kW) are units of power. (Grades renewable energy: Energy obtained from natural resources that are continually replenished, for example, regardless of how much of the Sun's heat energy is "used" today, more is received by the Earth tomorrow. Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions. Time Required: 1 hours 30 minutes Students can just round and estimate if numbers fall in between (i.e., do not have to interpolate to get the density). 6 - Explain the factors contributing to renewable energy feasibility. While some of these resources may focus heavily on the brainstorm and design steps, This curriculum was created with the support of National Science Foundation grant no. Renewable Energy Living Lab: Smart Solar. Zoom in on your state by double clicking on the map and/or using the mouse hand and the zoom and pan tool. MS-ETS1-1. Partial Design Process These resources engage students in some of the steps in the engineering design process, After this activity, students should be able to: Each TeachEngineering lesson or activity is correlated to one or more K-12 science, MS-ETS1-2. All 100,000+ K-12 STEM standards covered in TeachEngineering are collected, maintained and packaged by the Achievement Standards Network (ASN), Examples: Forest and wild plant growth (trees, branches, stumps), industrial wastes (such as from lumber and paper mills), urban waste (park trimmings, yard clippings, municipal solid waste, animal matter, sewage, food scraps), agricultural residues and fuel crops (corn, sugarcane, bamboo, hemp, wheat, straw, rice husks, grasses, algae, seaweed, animal fats, vegetable oils), etc. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has issued a new National Lab Policy (NLP) to improve the quality and reliability of renewable energy projects in India. 8), Social and cultural priorities and values are reflected in technological devices. Subject Areas: This Lab investigates what energy is, how it can be converted into useful forms, and why some sources are running low. Fluently add, subtract, multiply, and divide multi-digit decimals using the standard algorithm for each operation. For something we use every day, energy is a pretty mysterious concept. What is renewable energy? Using the numerical data from worksheet questions 1 and 2, have students calculate the amount of solar and wind energy the school could possibly generate in one year, assuming the following conditions: Your school roof has a surface area of approximately 4,300 square meters; 50% of that space is useable space. But are all renewable energy resources feasible solutions to generate electrical energy everywhere across the US? Alignment agreement: To consider whether a renewable energy source is feasible, what questions would you ask? No more than two sites may be located within the same state. (Grades Energy is determined by multiplying power by the time period of this power consumption. 9 - 9 - Point out hot links at the bottom of the legend box for additional resources about each energy type. Dams are often used to create hydropower that can be converted to electricity. 8), Requirements for design are made up of criteria and constraints. The data is available in a database with a graphical interface using a scaling map for viewing of regions as large as the continental U.S. and as small as a town. Data Analysis and Probability, Physical Science, Science and Technology. Although no charge or fee is required for using TeachEngineering curricular materials in your classroom, the lessons and activities often require material supplies. Students should use the column on the right to determine the wind power density at 50 m (boxed in blue in the figure). How much power potential? His research focuses on control and optimization in power systems with high levels of renewable energy. ", Pair students to work together. Examples: Sunlight (solar energy), water (hydropower), geothermal, biomass. Materials. within type by subtype, then by grade, etc. Renewable sources of energy vary widely in their cost-effectiveness and in their availability. However, you must work within some constraints, as in real life. in Mechanical Engineering from Johns Hopkins University. Copyright © (left) Idaho National Laboratory, (right) The White House https://inlportal.inl.gov/portal/server.pt?open=514&objID=1269&mode=2&featurestory=DA_531113 http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2011/04/22/resilient-and-sustainable-economies-gulf-coast, Middle School Daniel Tabas joined the REAL lab as a PhD student in the fall of 2018 after receiving his B.S. Berkeley Lab is a multiprogram national laboratory, managed by the University of California for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science.